Catastrophic coverage refers to the point when your total prescription drug costs for a calendar year have reached a set maximum level ($5,100 in 2019). At this point, you are out of the prescription drug “donut hole” and your prescription drug coverage begins paying for most of your drug expenses.
Once you’ve reached the catastrophic coverage threshold in 2019, you’ll pay at least $3.40 for generic drugs and $8.50 for brand names, or 5 percent of the total drug cost, whichever is higher (the dollar amounts are adjusted for inflation each year). But unlike most other types of health coverage, there is no out-of-pocket cap for Part D coverage (this is also the case with Original Medicare, which is why most enrollees have some form of supplemental coverage). So although out-of-pocket costs drop to a much lower level once you hit the catastrophic threshold, they don’t drop to zero.